What is a Trademark?

A trademark or trade mark is a distinctive sign or indicator used by an individual, business organization, or other legal entity to identify that the products or services to consumers with which the trademark appears […]

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Pakistan

Foreign direct investment (FDI) refers to long term participation by  a country A into country B (in this case Pakistan) . It usually involves participation in management, joint-venture, transfer of technology and expertise. There are […]

How is Labour law Administered in Pakistan?

Under the Constitution labour is regarded as a ‘concurrent subject’, which means that it is the responsibility of both the Federal and Provincial Governments. However, for the sake of uniformity, laws are enacted by the […]

Does the Constitution of Pakistan Protect Labour Rights?

Yes, The Constitution of Pakistan contains a range of provisions  for safeguard of employees/workers with regards to labour rights. Fundamental Rights and Principles of Policy as given in the 2nd part of the contitution of […]

Common Law / Civil Law Lawyers in Pakistan

WHAT LAW GOVERNS DISPUTES OF NON-CRIMINAL NATURE IN PAKISTAN? (COMMON LAW VS CIVIL LAW) There is a fine distinction between Civil Law and Common Law, however the same are used interchangeably in Pakistan and most […]

What is tax treatment of Real Estate Gains in Pakistan?

Taxation of Gains from Real Estate in Pakistan The Constitution excludes legislation on taxation of capital gains from the purview of the federal government. The income tax law has also been harmonized with these constitutional […]

What are the types of Patents registrable in Pakistan?

There are various kinds of patents a company/person can apply for in pakistan under the patents Ordinancewhich include: An ordinary patent, which is dated as of the official date of the application for the patent […]

What is Real Estate Investment Trust in Pakistan?

 The concept of Real Estate Investment Trust has recently been introduced in Pakistan as an incentive for real estate investment in Pakistan. Any income of such trust is exempted from tax, subject to the condition […]

What is the Procedure to obtain patent in Pakistan?

Following procedure needs to be followed once a company intends to register a patent in pakistan: Filing the “Application”, accompanied by either a Provisional or a Complete Specification Filing the Complete Specification, if the Specification […]

Has Pakistan entered into Agreement for Avoidance of Double Taxation with other countries?

The Government of Pakistan has so far signed agreements to avoid double taxation with 47 countries including almost all the developed countries of the world and such agreements are being signed with other countries as well. […]